What are the Common External Genital Area Infections?
The outer genital area, which is also defined as the vulva in women, roughly covers the visible areas when viewed from the outside. In other words, the vulva consists of the outer and inner lips of the vagina, the clitoris, the entrance to the vagina and the urinary tract opening. Infections can occur in this region due to many foreign microorganisms. There are many different types of these infections that can affect the reproductive function of the person. Some of the common external genital infections are:
Vulvitis, which is defined as inflammation of the external genital organs (vulva), is mostly caused by the presence of infection, the decrease in the amount of estrogen hormones, tight clothing, synthetic underwear, depilatory cream and the use of vaginal spray. Systemic diseases such as not paying attention to vaginal cleaning, excessive use of detergent, diabetes, anemia, medication, and some liver conditions can also cause vulvitis. Signs of the inflammatory disease include swelling of the external genital organs, redness, itching, stinging, burning, and painful sexual intercourse. When left untreated, the skin in the vulva area thickens and whitens. Vulvitis, which can be caused by bacteria, virus, fungus or cancer, is treated with medication after determining the source of the disease.
Condyloma, which causes warts to appear in the penis, testicle, groin and anus in men and in the external genital area, cervix, anus and groin in women, is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). This sexually transmitted disease is also known as condyloma accuminata. In addition to vaginal and anal intercourse, the skin surface that is not covered by a condom can also be transmitted by contact with the person carrying the disease. HPV, which can remain silent for many years after infection, may not cause warts to occur in every person, or warts may appear within a few months or years. Condyloma, which causes light or brown swelling and staining on the skin surface, can be either individually or as a whole as a whole. Itching and bleeding during sexual intercourse. The way to be protected from HPV is to be vaccinated. Although it is not possible to cure HPV infection completely, it is used for drug use, cryotherapy and electrocautilization applications, warts healing. In some cases, surgical methods may also be used to remove the wart.
The labium majus (outer lips), which is part of the vulva, has bartholin glands on both sides. These glands, which make the vagina slippery during sexual intercourse, open the hymene (hymen) through thin channels. Some infections, trauma or surgical procedures caused by chlamydia disease, neisseria gonorrhea, and E. coli bacteria transported from the rectum region, occlude in bartholin canals and these secretions cannot be released into the vagina. Accordingly, bartholin glands swell, resulting in a cystic appearance. Treatment of bartholin abscess, which is characterized by swelling, tenderness, redness and severe pain, is carried out by medicated or surgical methods of treatment.
The infection caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) that is sexually transmitted (vaginal, anal, or oral) often does not cause symptoms. Rarely mild symptoms do not cause the person to suspect the disease, so the person does not know that he has the virus. HSV, which causes painful blisters in the genital area and around the anus, causes the blisters to open and turn into wounds in the following period. These wounds that heal spontaneously for two to four weeks are painful. When symptoms are first seen, they can cause complaints such as fever and headache. Even if the person does not show any symptoms, it is infectious.
Vaginitis, which causes symptoms such as burning, itching, odor of white, ocher or green color and pain during sexual intercourse in the external genital area, is also known as vaginal infection among the people. It may occur due to the presence of parasites, bacteria and fungi in the area, as well as allergens that contact the area, such as pads, tampons, depilatory creams, synthetic underwear and condoms. The pH changes that lead to the decrease of lactobacilli, which are the natural flora elements of the vagina, may also lead to the formation of vaginitis. Frequent vaginitis, which is common in people with diabetes, pregnant women, antibiotics and contraceptives, is caused by a fungal origin and causes a thick white discharge. Vaginitis, which develops due to the fungus, is treated with medication. In bacterial vaginitis, the discharge is yellow or green in color and has a foul odor. Antibiotic, It is treated with drugs such as pills and suppositories. In parasite-induced vaginitis, mostly the trichomonas vaginalis is the parasite. In the presence of this sexually transmitted virus, the discharge is dark green and smelly. Burning during urine output is the most common finding. Pajite treatment of parasite-induced vaginitis is also required.