How to Tell Vaginal Infection?
When the patient who comes with the complaint of vaginal discharge and itching is asked about the color and smell of the discharge and whether it is accompanied by itching, the cause of the discharge can be more or less predicted. However, the definitive diagnosis is made by gynecological examination and vaginal culture.
In the gynecological examination, if the color of the discharge is white but in the form of a rancid fish odor, the possible cause is gardnerella vaginalis (bacterial vaginosis). If the discharge is green and foamy, it is a trichomonas infection. In addition, in Trichomanas infection, point-by-point red lesions (strawberry cervix) are seen in the cervix and it gives the impression that there is a wound in the cervix. Candida (yeast infection) is considered if there is vaginal itching with cheesy discharge and if the vaginal area is red. But of course, vaginal culture is taken for definitive diagnosis and drug treatment is given according to the cause of vaginal infection in the vaginal culture.
How To Treat Vaginal Infection?
“Which antibiotics are used for vaginal discharge and itching? Vaginal discharge medication, what are the names of antibiotics? What is the vaginal itching cream? Such questions are one of the most frequently asked questions among women. My suggestion for women suffering from vaginal discharge or itching is not to try to self-medicate with the names of hearsay medicines and suppositories without examination. As I mentioned at the beginning of the article, vaginal infections that sound like a simple discomfort can cause serious permanent damage. For this reason, it is best for women suffering from rash and itching to use the medications prescribed by the doctor.
Drugs Used in Vaginal Infection Treatment
When looking at the drug names for vaginal discharge and itching, it is seen that there are many types of antibiotics, suppositories and creams. The treatment varies according to the type of microbe causing the infection and the type of antibiotic to which the agent is sensitive in the culture.
Antibiotics are often used for gardnerella vaginalis and trichomonas infections. In addition to oral antibiotics, vaginal suppositories can also be used to relieve discharge.
Oral antifungal drugs, suppositories or creams can be used in vaginal fungal (candida) infection. Medications can be used alone or as combined therapy (tablet + suppository + cream) depending on the patient’s clinic. While itching disappears with a single cure in acute cases, it may be necessary to use medication for 4-6 months in chronic cases.
The drug names used in the treatment of ureoplasm, mycoplasma, gonorrhea and chlamydia infection, on the other hand, vary depending on which antibiotic the agent is sensitive to. While oral tablets are sufficient in mild cases, intravenous antibiotics may be required in severe cases.
The most important point that is often neglected in the treatment of vaginal infection is to restore the vaginal flora to normal after treatment. Some suppositories, tablets or herbal treatments can be used for this. If the vaginal flora is not regulated after infection treatment, discharge and itching can often recur.
Should Partner Be Treated for Vaginal Infections?
No, not all of them. However, in Trichomonas, ureoplasm, mycoplasma, gonorrhea and chlamydia infections, co-treatment should definitely be given. In fungal infection, there is no need for partner treatment.
Herbal Treatment for Uterine Discharge and Itching
Natural remedies, which have become more and more popular in recent years, are often recommended for vaginal discharge and itching. Although its benefit has not been scientifically proven, herbal treatments are thought to be good for discharge and itching. Considering that the drugs are obtained from plants, the herbal solutions in vaginal infection do not sound silly. However, if you are considering or applied herbal treatment, you should definitely consult your doctor. Try herbal medicines after getting doctor’s approval. Herbal remedies that can be useful in the treatment of uterine discharge and itching are as follows:
- Apple cider vinegar, grape vinegar
- Thyme tea
- Calendula plant
- Onion cure
How Herbal Treatments Relieve Vaginal Discharge and Itching?
The herbs used in the treatment of vaginal discharge have two mechanisms of action.
- Normalizes (regulates) the uterine flora
2. It acts like an antibiotic
As a result of this effect, vaginal discharge and itching pass. One of the reasons why herbal treatments are beneficial is that they make vaginal ph acidic. The fact that the vaginal pH is acidic is protective against infections.
Vaginal Discharge and Itching During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, the amount of vaginal discharge increases with the effect of pregnancy hormones. If the discharge is not white in color and odor, there is no need to worry. Also, pink colored vaginal discharge at the beginning of pregnancy is also normal. It is called the uterus bleeding of the baby. However, bleeding discharge during pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage or preterm labor. In these cases, you should definitely call your doctor.
Vaginal itching is also very common during pregnancy. Because, with the effect of hormones, the susceptibility to vaginal yeast infection increases during pregnancy. If you have complaints of itching, smelly discharge, yellow, green or brown discharge during pregnancy, be sure to inform your doctor. Because untreated vaginal infections increase the risk of premature birth and miscarriage.
Ways to Prevent Vaginal Infection
- Do not use daily pads
- Do not do a vaginal douche
- Do not clean the genital area with soap, use shampoo specially produced for that area.
- Do not leave the genital area without air by wearing very tight clothes for a long time.
- Wear cotton clothes
- If you are being treated for vaginal infections, use medications regularly and there is no relationship in this process.
- Always clean the genital area from front to back
- Drink plenty of water