What is cervicitis? What are the symptoms and treatment methods?
People between the cervix is known as cervicitis wound it is one of the most common gynecological problems. More than half of women get this disease at some time in their lives. Regardless of age, any sexually active woman is a suitable candidate for cervicitis. Most women with groin pain and vaginal discharge have cervicitis with or without another disease.
How is cervicitis diagnosed?
Cervicitis , or inflammation of the cervix, is the result of the body’s normally functioning defense mechanisms. When there is injury, irritation or infection in any tissue, white blood cells, or white blood cells, migrate to that area and the blood flow in this area increases. When this happens in the cervix, the normally light pink cervix becomes red and swollen. This situation can be seen as a wound on examination. Although the diagnosis of cervicitis is usually made by gynecological examination, some additional tests may be required to be sure of the diagnosis and to make a differential diagnosis.
What are the causes of cervicitis?
Successful treatment of cervicitis is related to identifying its underlying cause. If the reason is a simple irritant substance, not using this substance will solve the problem. If the underlying cause is an infection, proper treatment of this infection will also solve the problem of cervicitis. The 3 most important microorganisms causing cervicitis are chlamydia, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis. Apart from this, some allergic substances can also cause this situation.
What are the symptoms of cervicitis?
It is difficult for a person to suspect cervicitis on his own, as the symptoms are similar to many other diseases and do not cause specific complaints. It is usually noticed with a gynecological examination performed for another reason.
Generally speaking, cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervical tissue. It is most likely due to an infection, but sometimes it can occur after irritation or trauma. The first symptom of cervicitis is vaginal discharge that occurs in the period following the end of menstrual bleeding. Other symptoms include abnormal vaginal bleeding, itching, burning in the vagina, pain during intercourse, burning while urinating and back pain. In mild cases, there may be no symptoms, but as the event progresses, a foul-smelling and inflammatory discharge occurs. A prolonged and untreated cervicitis can disrupt the mucus production, impair the entry of sperm into the cervical canal and lead to infertility. A pregnant woman with cervicitis also has a risk of miscarriage and premature birth. Postpartum lung and eye infections are more common in babies born to such mothers.
What are the additional cervicitis examinations?
Biopsy: If the cervix looks extremely abnormal, cervical biopsy can be taken under local anesthesia. During the process, samples are taken from suspicious areas. If a single area cannot be determined, a biopsy is taken at 3, 6, 9 and 12 o’clock and sent for pathological examination. Colposcopy: It is the examination of the cervix under light with the help of an optical instrument similar to magnification. Before colposcopy, the cervix is wiped with some chemicals and then painted in order to reveal the suspicious areas more easily. The place where biopsy will be taken is determined according to the differences in dye retention of the tissue. With colposcopy, the structures of the capillaries in the cervix are also evaluated and it is determined whether there is abnormal vascularization. These vascular changes are important in the differentiation of cervicitis and malignant diseases.
If the condition of cervicitis is prolonged and there is no regression in the picture of cervicitis despite the treatment of the underlying factor, some small surgical interventions can be performed to destroy the abnormal cells in the cervix. The most common of these are cauterization and cryotherapy. Cauterization is to destroy with the help of heat. This process is called wound burning among the people. Cryotherapy is the freezing of abnormal tissues with the help of liquid carbon dioxide or nitrogen. This is called wound freezing among the people. Finally, cells can be destroyed by laser.
Cautery: It is the oldest and most classical method in chronic cervicitis. Heat is obtained by passing an electric current through the tip of a squid shaped probe. It is the last preferred treatment among the 3 methods. There may be very mild pain during the procedure. Scar tissue formed after the procedure may cause blockages in the cervical canal.
Cryotherapy: It has some advantages over cautery. It causes less pain, and allows a more controlled tissue destruction. It provides less scar tissue formation. Therefore, it does not cause narrowing in the cervical canal. It is applied with a gun shaped device. Places where the tip of this gun touches freeze. The procedure is performed without any anesthesia. It is an extremely simple urination that takes about 10 minutes.
Laser: It is the destruction of tissues with laser. There is no superiority to cryotherapy.
Regardless of the method of treatment, following the destruction of the cells, a profuse watery vaginal discharge lasts for 1-2 weeks. During this period, there may be bleeding in the form of spotting, so sexual intercourse should be avoided for up to 2 weeks after the procedures. Complete recovery may take up to 6-8 weeks.
What measures should be taken to avoid cervicitis?
- Some simple measures are sufficient to prevent cervicitis or to provide early diagnosis.
- Do not interact with people you are not sure about.
- See your doctor immediately if your partner has symptoms of gonorrhea.
- Do not delay examination in the presence of vaginal discharge
- Get a gynecological examination once a year, even if you do not have any complaints.
- Do not use irritant substances such as scented tampons or deodorants.